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            完形填空要掌握步骤

               完形填空题是考查同学们语言能力的综合性测试题型。它集词语的意义辨析、词语的习惯用法及搭配、句法、语法和语篇理解等于一体,既考查同学们的语言基础知识,又考查分析、判断能力和综合运用语言的实践能力。对于这类试题,不少同学感到很棘手,在各种测试中总是得分不高。那么,完形填空题有没有相应的解题技巧呢?石家庄市20中的鄢桂风老师说,完形填空题的文章体裁和题材都很广泛,有记叙文、说明文和议论文,内容涉及到天文地理、日常生活、政治经济、人物传记和社会故事等许多方面。该题型最突出的特点是:容量大,分值高,选项干扰性强,既考查知识,又考查能力。但是对这样的题,也不是毫无对策可言。同学们在做完形填空题时,不妨按以下几点去做:

              通读全文,把握文章的基本脉络

              ZUOWANXINGTIANKONGTIYINGZHEYANYUYUPIANLIJIE,YINWEIWANXINGTIANKONGTIZHONGGANRAOXIANGDESHEZHIJIJUMIHUOXING,RUGUOCAOZHIGUOJI,JIANKONGJIUTIAN,KENENGHUI“ZHIJIANSHUMU,BUJIANSENLIN”。YINCI,ZHENGQUEDEZUOFASHIXIANKUAISULIULANQUANWEN,LIQINGWENZHANGMAILUO,ZHANGWOWENZHANGDAYI,LEJIEZUOZHEYITU,WEIXIAYIBUZHUGEJIETIXUNZHAOPANDUANDEYIJU。TONGSHI,TONGDUQUANWENYEJIEJUELENEIXIEXUYAOTONGGUOSHANGXIAWENHUOLIANXIYUPIANYUJINGDETIMU。

              WEILEKUAISULIULANQUANWEN,ZHANGWODAYI,ZAIYUEDUGUOCHENGZHONGYAOTEBIEZHUYIWENZHANGHEDUANLUODESHOUWEIJU,YINWEIZHEIXIEJUZIWANGWANGJIUSHIZHENGGEPIANZHANGHUODUANLUODEZHUTISIXIANG。TAHAINENGRANGNIHENKUAILEJIEWENZHANGDETICAI、XINGSHI、SHEJIDENEIRONGJIZUOZHEDEYITU。HUODEZHEIXIEZHONGYAOXINXI,DUIXIAMIANDEZUOTIZHIGUANZHONGYAO。

              研读全文,初步确定答案

              ZHANGWOLEWENZHANGDEDAYIHOU,JIUWEIJINYIBUZUOTIDIANDINGLEJICHU。ZHEISHIYINGXIDUQUANWEN,ANZHAOWENZHANGNEIRONGDEQIANHOUSHUNXUBINGJIEHEBEIXUANDAAN,BIANDU,BIANFENXI,BIANTUIDUANZHENGQUEXUANXIANG。TONGSHI,DUISHITIDECESHIBUFEN(JIWENZHONGKONGGE)YAOJINXINGRENZHENFENXI。YIBANDESHEKONGCIYOUYUYONGGUDINGXINGHEYUJINGLUOJIXINGLIANGDALEI。YUYONGGUDINGXINGTIMUYIBANSHIJIAOWEICHANGJIANDEYUFAJIEGOU、CIHUIJIXIYUDENG,ZHEIBUFENSHITIKEXIANXINGJIEJUE。ZAIXIANXINGJIEJUEYIBUFENSHITIHOU,BUFENYUJUYIJINGTONGCHANG,YEJIUYOULEGENGWEIWANZHENGDEXINXI,ZHEIYOUZHUYUJINYIBULEJIEYUPIANJIZUOZHEYITU。ZAIJINGGUODUIYIZHIXINXIDEFENXI、TUILI,YUJINGLUOJIXINGSHITIYEHUIYINGRENERJIE。

              DANGRAN,ZAIZUOTIGUOCHENGZHONGYEHUIYOUYIBUFENTIMUDESIGEXUANXIANGTIANDAOKONGGEZHONGSHI,MEIYIGEDANDUDEYUJUDOUSHIFUHEYUFAGUIZEDE,ZHEISHIKAOSHENGJIUYINGGAILIYONGYIZHIXINXI,WAJUESHENCENGHANYI,LIANXISHANGXIAWEN,GENJUWENZHANGDEZHUZHIHEYUJINGYAOQIU,BAWOCIYIDEXIWEICHABIE,PAICHUGANRAOXIANG。

              复读全文,全面验证答案

              TIANWANKONGBAIHOU,ZHONGDUQUANWEN,ZHEIYESHIJIETIGUOCHENGZHONGZHIGUANZHONGYAODEYIHUAN。CISHIKAOSHENGDUIWENZHANGYIJINGYOULEYIGEXIANGDUIWANZHENGDELEJIE,DUIWENZHANGDELIJIEYEJIUGENGJINLEYIBU,YEJIUMOQINGLEWENZHANGNEIZAIFAZHANDELUOJIGUANXI。ERRUGUOZAICISHIZAIDUYIBIANWENZHANG,JIUYOUKENENGHUIFAXIANYIXIEQITAYUANLAIMEIYOUZHUYIDAODEWENTI,YEJIUNENGGOUGENJUDUIYUPIANDELIJIEJINEIZAIDELIANXI,FANFUTUIQIAO,BIJIAOYITONG,CONGERXUANZEYIGEGENGFUHEWENZHANGYIYIDEDAAN。

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